Home Facts And Lifehacks Ancient Roman aqueducts and it’s history

Ancient Roman aqueducts and it’s history


The Ancient Roman aqueducts which dates back to centuries of years, is a testament to the incredible engineering and architectural dexterity of the Romans.

These aqueducts were designed to transport fresh water to densely populated provinces, and they were a significant improvement over the initial structures built by civilizations in Egypt and India.

Roman aqueducts were constructed over a period of 5 centuries, from 312 BC to AD 226, and was funded by both the public and private sources. Notable Roman rulers, such as Augustus, Caligula, and Trajan, commissioned the construction of these aqueducts.

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Once the water reached the cities, it was used for various purposes, including drinking, irrigation, public fountains, and baths. The capital city of Rome had as many as 11 aqueduct systems, some of which were sourced from as far as 92 km (57 miles) away.

However, the first aqueduct that was built was Aqua Appia in 312 BC by Censor Appius Claudius Caecus.

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The aqueducts were made up of pipes, tunnels, canals, and bridges, which utilized the natural slope of the land and gravity to channel water from sources like lakes and springs to the cities.

It would interest you to know that, some of these ancient Roman aqueducts are still functional and continue to provide modern-day Rome with water. For example, the Aqua Virgo, an aqueduct built by Agrippa in 19 BC during the reign of Augustus, supplies water to the iconic Trevi Fountain in the heart of Rome. This remarkable feat of engineering demonstrates the enduring legacy of the Roman Empire and its impact on the development of modern infrastructure.

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